What are the areas of HIPAA compliance

HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) is a federal law in the United States that establishes national standards for protecting the privacy, security, and confidentiality of individuals’ health information. The areas of HIPAA compliance include:

  1. Privacy Rule: The HIPAA Privacy Rule sets national standards for the protection of individuals’ medical records and other personal health information.
  2. Security Rule: The HIPAA Security Rule requires covered entities to implement technical, administrative, and physical safeguards to protect electronic personal health information (ePHI) from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure.
  3. Breach Notification Rule: The HIPAA Breach Notification Rule requires covered entities to notify individuals, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, and sometimes the media, in the event of a breach of unsecured PHI.
  4. Enforcement Rule: The HIPAA Enforcement Rule establishes procedures for investigating and enforcing HIPAA violations.
  5. Omnibus Rule: The HIPAA Omnibus Rule updated the Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Rules, and also included provisions related to business associates and their subcontractors.
  6. HITECH Act: The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act provided funding for the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) and established new privacy and security requirements for covered entities and business associates.
  7. Patient Access Rule: The HIPAA Patient Access Rule requires covered entities to provide individuals with access to their own PHI and to provide copies of that information upon request.
  8. Marketing Rule: The HIPAA Marketing Rule requires covered entities to obtain written authorization from individuals before using their PHI for marketing purposes.
  9. Accounting of Disclosures Rule: The HIPAA Accounting of Disclosures Rule requires covered entities to maintain a record of certain disclosures of an individual’s PHI.
  10. Minimum Necessary Rule: The HIPAA Minimum Necessary Rule requires covered entities to limit the use, disclosure, or request of PHI to the minimum necessary to accomplish the intended purpose.